Outline

             

Executive Summary

I.          Introduction

II.        Methodology

II.        The Online Pirates

A.        Defining Online Music Piracy

B.        Internet Service Providers position

IV.       Findings

A.        Business Impact of Online Music Piracy

B.        The Thriving of File-Sharing Networks

1.         International Nature of File-sharing Community

2.         Sweden the Pirate Bay

3.         Uploading Community

C.        Legal environment

1.         The United States Copyright Law

2.         The South Korea Case

D.        The Failure of Current Methods against Music Piracy

1.         Litigation against Individuals and File-sharing Sites

2.         Other Preventive Approaches

E.         The Free Psychology of Music Consumers

V.        Final Analysis

A.        Pursue a Legislative Implementation

B.        Assign a New Government Agency

C.        Adopt a Music Tax Approach

D.        Do Nothing

Conclusion

References


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Internet Service Providers

Almost everyone now uses the Internet. To use the Internet, people need to open an account or subscribe to the Internet Service Providers (ISPs).

Basically, ISP is a company that supplies Internet connectivity to everyone that wants to access the Internet. However, some ISPs also provide different service to their customers. Verizon and AT&T only sell service for Internet connectivity to the public, later on this ISP type will be mentioned as ISP1. Other ISPs, such as Iweb and Amhosting provide service to set and fully manage a computer server for customers, later on this ISP type will be mentioned as ISP2. Computer server is a computer that is used to create a website for company, business, or personal use. Computer server can also be used for database, game server, etc. There are also ISPs that only rent the server to public without manage the server, so the responsibility to manage the server belongs to customer. From this point, this type of ISP will be mentioned as ISP3.

Online music piracy all started from these three types of ISP. To create a website, people need a server and Internet connectivity to make the website be up and running. People with lack knowledge to manage a server would rent a server from ISP2, but someone with a good information technology skill would rent a server from ISP3.

Music companies think that the ISPs have the most important position to prevent and decrease online music piracy. ISP1 should check what the customers use the Internet connection for and cut customers’ Internet connection whenever they use the connection for online music piracy. ISP2 and ISP3 should not rent servers to anyone that want to build website or database for facilitating online music piracy.

On the other hand, the ISPs think that online music piracy is not their responsibility. The ISPs only provide service to their customers and do not break any law. The ISPs’ concern is only to provide good service to customers and generate more profits (Fildes, 2007).

The only one that can ask the ISPs contribution and prevent online music piracy is the government. Right now, all these ISPs are currently working together with the government to prevent and decrease online music piracy. For example, India government has commanded India’s ISP1 to block Pirate Bay to be accessed in India (TechZilo, 2011). The U.S. government has also asked ISP2 and ISP3 to shut down several servers, such as Limewire, Movies-Links.tv, and Rmx4u.

Defining Online Music Piracy

So, what is online music piracy? According to Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), if someone makes unauthorized copies of copyrighted music recordings by online, it would be considered as online music piracy. Nowadays, digital information can be downloaded easily, and they seem to be available everywhere on the Internet. However, the U.S. copyright law has clearly stated that it is prohibited to download or upload copyrighted music without permission (RIAA, 2011).

It is not really clear when people started downloading music. But downloading music was become famous in 1998 after Napster was released and created by Shawn Fanning. Napster was a software program that allowed people around the world to share each other’s music files for free. Within several days, Napster was downloaded and used by thousands of people. Later on, music industry thought that Napster caused the decrease in their revenue, and Napster pirated music. Eileen Richardson, Napster’s CEO in 1998, said that Napster did not violate any law since Napster did not actually host any music. However, music industry kept complaining about Napster. Then in 1999, RIAA sued Napster for facilitating music piracy that was followed by several litigation cases from musicians. Because of so many litigation cases, Napster changed the purpose of their business from offering a music file-sharing software program to offering an Internet music subscription service that sell legitimate online music (Funding Universe, 2011).

After Napster, a lot of software programs and websites are created that provide free music downloading, such as Pirate Bay, Limewire, BitTorrent, 4share, etc. People find it really easy to download and get music for free, which lead to the online music piracy dilemma.

Confessions of a Pirate – Part 3 (via The Digital Sea Cow)

It is true that legal fee is usually to high when it comes to case-by-case basis.

For more information: http://www.techdirt.com/articles/20100713/17400810200.shtml#comments

Confessions of a Pirate - Part 3 Over-Zealous Enforcement and Legality It’s been a while since my last post in this series, but I feel that a posts on this topic require a bit more thought and planning than your every day blog entry. Last time we talked about the Monetization of Copyright Infringement, and I left you hanging regarding a pivotal part of the enforcement equation – is it legal? At first blush, this may seem like an absurd question. We are discussing the issue of pi … Read More

via The Digital Sea Cow

Internet Pirates (via Intercamp)

I could not agree with you more. It is alright to enjoy free music online unless people use those sound tracks to gain person benefits (such as burn to CDs and resell it).

Kevin Penny writer Call it file sharing or call it piracy, but the Internet has changed the way information is exchanged between people. Since Napster came onto the scene in 1999, peer-to-peer file sharing has been a blessing to every broke college student looking for new music. Although the peer-to-peer service was eventually shut down, the premise behind it has stuck with every other file-sharing service to date. Now young children growing up w … Read More

via Intercamp

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